Location along the eastern border of the European Union with Ukraine and Belarus, is one of the strengths of the Lublin region as a place friendly to investors, who wish to work in the vicinity of the Eastern markets. The three major transcontinental roads and railways from Brussels, Berlin and Warsaw to Lviv, Odessa, Kiev, Minsk and Moscow run through the region and six border crossings. The border crossings located in the region take over nearly half of the passenger and freight traffic attributable to the entire Polish eastern border. Koroszczyn is provided with one of the most modern customs clearance terminals in Europe and Małaszewicze has the largest transshipment port for vehicles and trains in this part of the continent. The Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line has a huge importance for freight shipment on the route from Asia to Europe.
The City of Lublin, with four universities, the technical university and several private universities, is one of the largest academic centres in the country – every fourth inhabitant is a student. It is worth noting here that thousands of young people from Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and other countries of the former Commonwealth of Independent States, have been taking advantage of the universities of Lublin for many years. The College Polish-Ukrainian Universities educates PhD students from these countries. Well over 100 thousand students already acquires knowledge in 20 universities around the region.Numerous state research institutes, as well as research and development centres, including the Institute of Agrophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the National Fodder Laboratory of the Institute of Zootechnics in Lublin and prestigious centres in Puławy, operate next to these universities: The Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, the National Veterinary Research Institute, Fertilizer Research Institute, the Research Institute of Horticulture – Apiculture Division, Biological Threats Identification and Countermeasure Centre of the Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, and the Institute of Fundamental Technological Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Strong research facilities make the sector of new technologies the most promising for the region’s economy.
The region’s economy is based on agriculture – the Lubelskie Voivodeship, with its good soil conditions and climate, is the national leader in many agricultural crops, such as hops, raspberry, currant and strawberries. Production and processing of healthy and certified food have been dynamically developing in recent years and the importance of energy crops are increasingly gaining importance as well.
The following sectors play an important role in industry: construction industry – based on local deposits of limestone, chalk, marl and sand, wood and furniture sector, which takes advantage of the commercial stands of the state forests, mining sector – with coal mining and machine-building sector – with the production of helicopters, tractors, agricultural and construction machinery.
The Lublin Region is an area attractive to tourists, who like active forms of relaxation, encouraged by thousands of kilometres of blazed hiking, bicycle trails, as well as bridle paths, and numerous natural paths in national and landscape parks. Hundreds of agritourist farms, specialising in the production of traditional products, regional cuisine, horse-riding schools, fishing ponds, canoeing trips, bicycle rallies or photo tours, assure relaxation in close contact with nature.
In addition to the abundance of nature, the Lublin region offers many sites and landmarks presenting different cultures and religions. The most important is the City of Zamość – the perfect Renaissance city from the UNESCO World Heritage list, in the past established and inhabited by Catholics, Orthodox, Greeks, Jews, and Armenian. The Holy Trinity Chapel at the Lublin Castle – a world-class monument that combines the Gothic architecture with the Russian Revival paintings, is the perfect example of penetration of the cultures and religions of the eastern and the western Europe.