The Lubelskie Region is first of all one of the biggest and the most important agricultural regions in Poland. The extensive facilities for organic food sector promotes the development of the food industry: fruits and vegetables, sugar, milling, dairy, meat, brewing, spirits and tobacco. The Lublin Region is also known for the basin of herbs and bee-keeping industries – the Lublin’s herbal teas, and meads are highly sought-after in the domestic and European markets.
The mining industry has an important place in the economic structure of the region – the Lublin region is the biggest coal basin in the country next to the Silesian coal basin, and for many years the coal mine in Bogdanka has been leading in the group of the most profitable and at the same time safe mines in Poland. The land of Lublin is also rich in mineral resources for the building industry, such as limestone, marl, chalk, clay, building and glass sand, which is reflected in the large number of cement plants and production plants of building materials, which produce the traditional and clinker bricks, silicate products, aerated concrete and pre-cast concrete. There are also significant deposits of crude oil and natural gas exploited in such places like the surroundings of Lublin, Świdnik and Stężyca. Another wealth of the region are mineral waters, primarily known from Nałęczów Spa.
Industries, such as chemical, wood and furniture, metal and machine-building, including aerospace industry, create the region’s economy.
The advantages are primarily the scientific centre of Lublin and young and well-educated professionals. The academic research centres have a great potential, which will be directly applicable in the economy of the region thanks to the Science and Technology Park of Lublin. This is a joint project of the regional government and the scientific and business environments. The local government of the Lubelskie Voivodeship is also the main investor in the Regional Exhibition Centre in Lublin, which deals with the organisation of professional national and international fairs and exhibitions.
Economic sub-zones and industrial parks offer favourable conditions for investment and development of businesses. There is a subzone of the Special Economic Zone EURO-PARK Mielec operating in Lublin on the area of nearly 40 hectares. The Tarnobrzeg Special Economic Zone EURO-PARK WISŁOSAN develops as many as three subzones – in Janów Lubelski (17.8 ha), Tomaszów Lubelski (10.6 ha) and in Łuków (24.3 ha). The subzone of the Special Economic Zone STARACHOWICE offers a largest area for development, as much as 99 hectares.
The Puławy subzone of the Special Economic Zone is located in the area of the far more extensive (700 ha) Industrial Park, created by the City of Puławy and the Chemical Company, in co-operation with the research and scientific institutes of Puławy.
The Regional Industrial Park SWIDNIK is a joint project of the Polish Aviation Works Świdnik SA and the City of Świdnik. The park offers 40 hectares of undeveloped and developed land, equipped with industrial infrastructure, separated and excluded from the production process of PZL Świdnik SA.
The largest agricultural commodity exchange in the east of the country, located in Elizówka and encompassing an area of 70 hectares, promotes the commodity wholesale turnover, including agricultural products. There is a commodity clearance point in Koroszczyn in the north of the region, in the vicinity of the future A2 motorway, connected via a special customs road with the border crossing in Kukuryki. The facility, one of the most modern in Europe, can clear from 1000-1400 trucks within 24 hours. There is a well-operating dry transshipment port in Małaszewicze, well-known in the country and abroad and located several kilometres kilometres from the terminal, adjacent to the duty-free zone, and open to investors interested in the production and distribution of goods. The importance of the Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line, running in the south of the Lublin region and connecting the east of Europe with the newly established terminal and the logistics centre in the Silesian Sławkowo, has increased over the last years.
There are also several reputable companies in the Lublin region – the pillars of the economy of Lublin, which are characterised by intensified export and innovativeness. These include, among others:
- Zakłady Azotowe Puławy S.A.
- Wytwórnia Sprzętu Komunikacyjnego „PZL Świdnik” S.A.
- Lubelski Węgiel „Bogdanka” S.A.
- Fabryka Łożysk Tocznych – Kraśnik S.A.
- Zakłady Mięsne „Łmeat-Łuków” S.A.
- Mostostal Puławy S.A.
- Herbapol Lublin S.A.
- Okręgowa Spółdzielnia Mleczarska Krasnystaw
- Pol-Skone Sp. z o. o.
- Nałęczowianka Sp. z o. o.
- Nałęczów Zdrój Sp. z o. o.