There is a very beautiful and exotic region in the European Union, located on the eastern parts of Poland, the land, which remained at the point of contact of the eastern and the western cultures, and which combines the traditions of Catholic, Orthodox, Jewish, but also much more oriental - Greek, Armenian, and Tatar traditions...
The representatives of these nations lived in an ideal Renaissance city of Zamość, named Padua of the North, because of its unique qualities of architecture. They also co-created to the power of the City of Lublin - the capital of the region to this day and the largest urban agglomeration in eastern Poland, and at the same time the most important centre of science and culture.
The sign of the former multi-national and multi-religious past is the Holy Trinity Chapel at the Lublin Castle - a world-class monument that combines Gothic architecture with the Russian Revival paintings.
The Lubelskie Voivodeship, which is more than 530 years old, is a region of pure, unspoiled nature (protected in two national parks and 17 landscape parks), of the living folk traditions and crafts, and of these wonderful historical monuments, found nowhere outside the region. These are, for example, the unique Chełm chalk tunnels, a one-of-a-kind museum of palace interiors in Kozłówka, and the Poland's oldest monastery complex in Jabłeczna. In order to get to know the beauty of the Lublin Region better and soak up its unique atmosphere and flavours, it is best to come here for longer to have enough time for long walks, bike rides, or maybe for holidays in the saddle. Because only then you can see up close the Poland's most extensive peatland of Polesie, feel the power of the mighty fir and beech trees in the forests of Roztocze, and get caught up in the magic of the silent and nostalgic Pobuże.
The Lublin Upland covers the central and the south-eastern areas of the voivodeship.It is composed of Cretaceous rocks: limestone, siliceous rocks, gaize, marl and chalk. Resistance differences of rocks formed diversified landscape with monadnocks, hills, plateaus, undrained depressions and valleys, including gorges.. A dense network of gullies was formed in areas covered by a thicker layer (15-20 m) of loess, such as on the Nałęczowski Plateau. The average height of the Upland - 200-220 metres above the sea level in the western part, 220-240 metres above the sea level in the south-eastern part
The Volhynia Upland attaches the Lublin Upland from the east and from the south-east – the range of Roztocze, which spreads from the surroundings of Kraśnik to Hrebenne, and beyond the Polish border, to Lvov, featuring a diversified type of landscape: in the western part – loess landscape, in the central part – lime and sand landscape, and in the eastern part – monadnock landscape elevating up to 390 metres above the sea level. Roztocze descends towards the Sandomierz Basin with the tectonic ridge, the maximum height of which is 80 metres (nearby Frampol). There is only a portion of the Basin within the limits of the voivodeship, which covers the central basin of the central Tanwia and the lower Sanna rivers. The Janów Forests and the Solska Forest spread on the sandy dune area of the Basin.
Lowland and usually plain regions spread to the north of the upland belt: Polesie Lubelskie and the Południowpodlaska Lowland. The height differences here vary between 10 and 20 metres and the average heights are from 150 up to 170 metres above the sea level. Glaciofluvial deposits occur in the ground: sands, gravels, loams, swamp and peatland areas, such and Krowie Bagno nearby Urszulin. Moraines, dunes, the gorge section of the Bug river and the extensive forest complexes diversify the landscape.
The most attractive geographical regions of lower order:
On the Lublin Upland:
- The Nałęczów Plateau between the City of Lublin and the Vistula River valley, with loess relief and a dense network of gullies;
- The Lesser Polish Gorge of the Vistula, from Annopol to Puławy with height differences up to 100 metres;
- Działy Grabowieckie, near Skierbieszów and Wojsławice; numerous gullies, ravines, washes and elevations up to 311 metres above the sea level, and - the peaks of the Lublin Upland.
On the Polesie Wołyńskie
- The Chełmskie Hills with lime monadnocks and depressions in marl bed, and with the Chelm Chalk Tunnels.
On the Volhynia Upland
- The Bug river areas between Horodło and Hrebenne with varied landscape, forests,
Eastern Catholic and Orthodox churches.
- The Central Roztocze with limestone hills on the edge part, along the boundary with the Biłgoraj Plain, waterfalls, fir and beech forests and the Roztoczański National Park, and
- The Eastern Roztocze (Southern) situated to the south of Bełżec with the highest hill Krągły Goraj, fossil trees and mysterious bunkers from the years 1940 and 1941, the so-called Molotov line.
On Polesie Lubelskie
- The Łęczyńsko-Włodawskie Lake District; 68 lakes from 1 hectare up to 284 hectares (Uściwierz) and the depth up to 39 metres (Piaseczno) with the Poleski National Park, and
- Garb Włodawski. moraine hills with a beautiful complex of the Włodawskie and Sosnowickie Forests.
On the Południowopodlaska Lowland
- The Gorge of the Bug River between Terespol and Gnojno (and Drohiczyn – beyond the boundaries of the voivodeship), and
- The Valley of the Dolny Wieprz River, from Kock up to the Vistula river mouth in Dęblin, the natural river course, the valley up to 4 kilometres wide, elevated banks in some places, oxbow lakes.
In the Sandomierz Basin
- The Biłgoraj Plain in the interfluves of the Sanna and San rivers, with the Janowskie Forests, many inner-forest ponds and dunes.